Biodiversity Preservation

The fulfilment of obligations by Sakhalin Energy regarding the impact minimisation and introduction of measures for saving rare and endangered species and vulnerable biotopes is ensured by the implementation of environmental monitoring programmes and the Biodiversity Action Plan developed by the company in 2008 and updated in 2019 based on the scientific approach using the best industrial and international practices.

During the investigations, the state of protected plant and animal species’ populations is monitored along with their habitats in order to assess the impact incurred at the operational phase and develop the impact mitigation means if necessary.

The monitoring of protected plant and animal species is performed in strict accordance with the current Russian environmental legislation. The species are not collected from their habitat; their registration and status assessment are based only on the principle of quantitative and qualitative record as per the visual observation data.

Biodiversity conservation in the areas of the company’s facilities’ operation includes the measures for investigating and safeguarding the protected species and ecologically vulnerable biotopes of:

The results of the long-term studies in the area of potential impact of Sakhalin Energy’s infrastructure facilities are as follows:

Title  Total          Number of protected species in the areas of studies*
 2016  2017  2018  2019  2020  2021
 Mammals (marine/small terrestrial)
 9 (7/2)  6 (4/2)  4 (4/0)  5 (5/0)  4 (3/1)  6 (6/0)  5 (4/1)
 Birds  60  21  23  18  19  12  28
 Plants  29/27**  29  29  29  27**  27**  27**
 Invertebrates  2  2             2    0

*the number of species depends on the differences between the areas of studies (the whole territory, or only certain facilities), frequency of investigations (it can be different from the annual basis), and the volume of activities. Detailed information on the status of the species, their populations and habitats is given in analytical reports and the sustainable development reports.

**two species − Daphne jezoensis and Trillium tschonoskii − were excluded from the Red Book of the Sakhalin Oblast in 2019.